In Georgia the oldest wine on the planet
Canadians, Americans, European and Georgian scientists and archaeologists have discovered in two Neolithic settlements about 50 kilometers south of Tbilisi, the capital of Georgia, large clay pots that contained the earliest to date wine traces of about 8,000 years old. This confirms that wine production began somewhere in the southern Caucasus, on the border of eastern Europe and western Asia.
Pole containers were found containing wine of about 8,000 years of age
The chemical traces of wine (tartaric acid and other organic acids) were discovered in eight pots, the oldest dating from 5980 BC. about. Similar pots have been used in Georgia to ferment wine (over 500 varieties of wine are grown in the country). In each of the two Neolithic Georgian villages, it is estimated that about 60 people, who were farmers and stockbreeders, lived. Each container has a height of about 80 cm and a diameter of 40 cm.
Some of the vases, which have a greyish tint, carry vineyards and a man dancing (rather drunk …). To date, the earliest indications of winemaking have been found in ceramics of about 7,000 to 7,500 years of age from the Zagros Mountains in northwest Iran (5400 to 5000 BC). In China, traces of wine have been discovered not from vines, but from rice, honey, and fruits, dating back over 7,000 years.
The researchers, led by Stephen Batiuk of the University of Toronto, who made the discovery in the excavation sites Gadachrili Gora and Sulaveris Gora, and the related publication in the PNAS Review, stated that”This is the oldest example of cultivating a wild Eurasian vineyard with the sole aim of producing wine”.
It is another indication, according to scientists, of the central, ancient and multifaceted role of wine in culture, and in particular in religion, medicine, social contacts, cuisine, economy etc. According to Batiuk, “the Eurasian vineyard, which now accounts for 99.9% of the world’s wine, has its roots in the Caucasus region.”